Water is important in all mining and quarrying operations. Hard rock mines use water to cool equipment, control dust, transport slurry, and separate waste from valuable minerals. Sustainable water use presents several challenges to mining companies, including finding and protecting adequate sources, minimizing consumption and reusing water wherever possible, managing waste, and preventing contamination.
The industry’s impact on natural resources poses environmental, social and economic risks to be dealt with. Water is a strategic resource that needs careful management.